Politicians accused of plagiarism in their university theses
(CNN Spanish) – The president of the Colombian Chamber of Deputies, Jennifer Arias, seems to have joined an exclusive but notorious club of global reach: the club of politicians accused of plagiarizing his university theses.
Externado University in Colombia determined In a statement released on Monday, the foundation said that after months of investigation, there was plagiarism in Arias’ master’s thesis on government and public policy. He indicated that the legislator and her spouse will go to court to request the cancellation of the master’s degree.
Arias, who belongs to the ruling Center Democratic Party, said in his speech on Monday law Project On Twitter, he is innocent and has not impersonated.
This is not the first time that politicians have been accused of plagiarism in their university theses, for which they have obtained degrees to improve their resumes and advance their careers.
After that, politicians were accused of plagiarism in their academic theses
Enrique Peña Nieto, former President of Mexico
With this help, Peña Nieto obtained a law degree in 1991.
According to the research carried out by specialists and academics in his thesis entitled Mexican presidency and lvaro ObregónPeña Nieto “stole at least 197 of the 982 paragraphs that make up the text.” This represents 28.8% of the content, according to the press team.
The spokesperson for the Mexican presidency at the time, Eduardo Sanchez, expulsion Results when considered “irregularities” and “stylistic errors such as quotations without quotation marks or failure to refer to authors included in the bibliography”.
He underlined that “the lawyer Peña Nieto submitted this thesis 25 years ago. He has fulfilled the conditions set by the University of Panamericana to qualify as a lawyer.
Vladimir Putin, President of Russia
Putin was accused in 2006 of stealing his doctoral thesis from the St. Petersburg Mining Institute, which was submitted in 1996 or 1997, according to researchers from Brookings Institution.
“It’s all about plagiarism” She said Clifford C. Jade of the Brookings Institution at the time, after reading the paper. “Whether you’re talking about a college-level paper, let alone a formal thesis, there’s no doubt in my mind that that would be plagiarism. “
according to Investigation16 out of 20 pages of a document published by the University of Pittsburgh 20 years ago can be found in the thesis of Putin, then working in the government of St. Petersburg, without reference to ref.
Igor Danchenko, who investigated the case with Gadi, Indian When presenting his conclusions, Putin, he said, did not even write the text accused of plagiarism. “Obviously, this is the product of some sort of ‘certificate factory’ process, of which there are many in Russia,” he explained.
Pal Schmidt, Former President of Hungary
Former Olympic fencing champion Pal Schmidt became president of Hungary in 2010. Only two years later he had to resign because he was embroiled in a scandal after being Accused of plagiarism Doctoral thesis.
The Semmelweis University of Budapest, the former university of physical education, reported in 2012 after investigation that 200 of the 215 pages of Schmidt’s thesis had “partial similarities” or were translations of other work.
As a result, he withdrew his doctorate and Schmidt ended up resigning the presidency shortly thereafter.
Victor Ponta, former Prime Minister of Romania
The same year Schmidt resigned he was also then Romanian Prime Minister Victor Ponta Accused of plagiarism Doctoral thesis.
Ponta dismissed the charges and said he was the victim of a political attack by President Traian Basescu.
However, the University of Bucharest ruled that he had stolen much of his 2003 doctorate from the International Criminal Court and withdrew his degree in 2014.
Klavdija Markez, former Minister of Education of Slovenia
Only five days after taking office, then-Slovenian Education Minister Klavdija Marques resigned in April 2015 after being accused in local media of stealing her master’s thesis, he said. he declares. Reuters This year.
Marquez did not comment on the accusation.
Karl-Theodor zu Guttenberg, former German Minister of Defense
German Defense Minister Karl-Theodor zu Guttenberg was considered a rising star in Chancellor Angela Merkel’s government. Accused In 2011, he plagiarized his doctoral thesis and the University of Bayreuth canceled his degree.
Although zu Guttenberg rejected the allegations, he was forced to resign from his post as a farewell to his rising career after receiving much public criticism.
In Germany, he was nicknamed “Baron zu Googleberg”, after the popular Internet search engine, and “Minister of Cut and Paste”.
Annette Schavan, former German Minister of Health
Like his teammate zu Guttenberg, Schavan was too Accused of plagiarizing her doctoral thesis 1980 and in 2013 the University of Düsseldorf ended with the withdrawal of the title.
On this occasion, a plagiarism was alerted by a blogger who painstakingly drew comparisons between Schavan’s work and other publications.
John Walsh, former US Senator
Retired soldier and Democrat John Walsh became US Senator from Montana in 2014, replacing his colleague who chose to retire.
But Walsh had to resign from his re-election campaign the same year he was Accused of plagiarism In a master’s thesis looking for New York Times.
Apparently three-quarters of the 20-page document titled “The Case for Democracy as a National Long-Term Strategy” was marked as plagiarism, and he decided to step down from the election.
Monica Crowley, head of the Donald Trump administration
Conservative writer Monica Crowley was appointed by Donald Trump as Director of Strategic Communications at the National Security Council to join his new government in 2017.
But before Trump’s inauguration, Crowley withdrew after finding out about CNN Several examples of plagiarism In his book published in 2012, in his columns for the Washington Times, and in his thesis for doctorate from Columbia University.
Crowley rejection She asserted the accusations, “that I have never used or will use material from a source without citing it.”
The writer finally entered the Trump administration two years later and despite these accusations: in July 2019, she became spokesperson of the Treasury.
With information from Farida Fawzy on CNN