Philosopher – Ramiro Ledesma http://ramiroledesma.com/ Fri, 17 Sep 2021 22:11:06 +0000 en-US hourly 1 https://wordpress.org/?v=5.8 https://ramiroledesma.com/wp-content/uploads/2021/06/icon-1-150x150.png Philosopher – Ramiro Ledesma http://ramiroledesma.com/ 32 32 Heat-change mug transports characters from the original series to a planet https://ramiroledesma.com/heat-change-mug-transports-characters-from-the-original-series-to-a-planet/ https://ramiroledesma.com/heat-change-mug-transports-characters-from-the-original-series-to-a-planet/#respond Fri, 17 Sep 2021 21:26:05 +0000 https://ramiroledesma.com/heat-change-mug-transports-characters-from-the-original-series-to-a-planet/ This article contains affiliate links, where we may receive a percentage of any sales made from the links on this page. Price and availability exact at time of posting. Star Trek: The Original Series premiered on television on September 8, 1966, which means that this year, 2021, is the show’s 55th anniversary. Now we can […]]]>

This article contains affiliate links, where we may receive a percentage of any sales made from the links on this page. Price and availability exact at time of posting.

Star Trek: The Original Series premiered on television on September 8, 1966, which means that this year, 2021, is the show’s 55th anniversary. Now we can start celebrating the occasion with fun products commemorating the event. This jobless philosophers guild mug will allow you to transport the characters of the USS Enterprise to a new planet.

Watch Lt. Nyota Uhura, Mr. Spock, Captain James T. Kirk, Mr. Spock and Dr. Leonard “Bones” McCoy disappear from the transporter room on one side of the mug and reappear on an alien planet that appears deserted, rocky, And red. All you have to do is fill the container with a hot liquid like coffee, tea or water and let the cup do its job.

Check out the “Star Trek: The Original Series” mug from The Unemployed Philosopher’s Guild on Amazon.

This 14 oz ceramic mug measures about nine centimeters, so it’s the perfect size for your daily dose of caffeine and is microwave safe. However, it is not dishwasher safe, so be sure to only hand wash the mug after use, otherwise the effect will not work.

Get your Star Trek: The Original Series The Unemployed Philosopher’s Guild Heat Resistant Transporter Mug on Amazon for only $ 17. Besides the mug, if you’re looking for plenty of ways to celebrate the show’s 55th anniversary, don’t forget to start your subscription to Paramount + to watch the show again. You can also check out this new book on the series’ impact on mid-century modern design aesthetics, which has become as iconic as the character stories.


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3 Lessons from Saint Hildegard of Bingen for the modern Christian woman https://ramiroledesma.com/3-lessons-from-saint-hildegard-of-bingen-for-the-modern-christian-woman/ https://ramiroledesma.com/3-lessons-from-saint-hildegard-of-bingen-for-the-modern-christian-woman/#respond Fri, 17 Sep 2021 08:03:31 +0000 https://ramiroledesma.com/3-lessons-from-saint-hildegard-of-bingen-for-the-modern-christian-woman/ Women today can learn so much from the life of this extraordinary abbess and leader of the Middle Ages. It almost feels like a trip back in time as Saint Hildegard of Bingen emerged in the 12th century to become an iconic saint for women today. This medieval “Renaissance woman” held legendary status for centuries, […]]]>

Women today can learn so much from the life of this extraordinary abbess and leader of the Middle Ages.

It almost feels like a trip back in time as Saint Hildegard of Bingen emerged in the 12th century to become an iconic saint for women today. This medieval “Renaissance woman” held legendary status for centuries, but it wasn’t until 2012 that she was officially canonized and made a Doctor of the Church.

Saint Hildegard was an international leader at a time when women rarely occupied positions of authority. She was widely respected for her intelligence, knowledge and spiritual gifts. Abbess of a convent, she was a philosopher, theologian, composer, playwright, botanist and itinerant preacher. Truly a woman of many talents!

Since his recent canonization, the world has given him renewed attention. On her feast day today, let’s think about some lessons modern women can learn from her amazing life.

1It’s not too late to leave its mark

An amazing part of Saint Hildegard’s story is that she was what we would call a “late bloomer”. The average life expectancy in his day was 33 Years. Yet she did not begin to write her vast and varied works until the age of 42.

If you think it is too late to make a change or achieve a goal, ask Saint Hildegard for her intercession and advice. She is an amazing example of pursuing exciting interests and passions later in life. Some even have called she is the “patroness of late blooms”.

2You have what it takes

You may be hesitant in part because you fear that you don’t have what it takes to pursue your dreams. Isn’t that true for many of us? Impostor Syndrome is very real, and it’s a vicious mind trap:

Impostor syndrome is the fear of being exposed as an impostor, of feeling unworthy of one’s success, of not being as capable as others. Both sexes suffer from impostor syndrome, but women are more susceptible and more intensely affected.

TThe truth is, most of us make it up as we go along. None of us are born knowing how to handle every situation with aplomb.

It’s okay to be uncertain at first, but go ahead and start on the path you want to go. You can learn as you go. We all do!

Saint Hildegard gives us an incredible testimony of what it looks like when a holy woman is confident in her abilities. She had many talents, and she fearlessly pursued them and made the most of what God gave her.

Hildegard shows us modern women that we really have what it takes to delve into our interests and develop our gifts.

3Use your donations in the service of others

The “why” behind her work is crucial to the story of Saint Hildegard. She was not pursuing her interests simply to flourish or accumulate treasures on earth. Instead, she put her gifts at the service of her community and the Church.

His example inspires us to use our own talents in the service of others. Whether you are a professional woman, a full-time caregiver, a student, or engaged in any other work a woman can do, you can use your God-given talents to be a force for good in the world.

God knows our world needs the good you can do in it! Let Saint Hildegard light your way, today and every day.

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The death of Abimael Guzmán leaves several questions in Peru https://ramiroledesma.com/the-death-of-abimael-guzman-leaves-several-questions-in-peru/ https://ramiroledesma.com/the-death-of-abimael-guzman-leaves-several-questions-in-peru/#respond Thu, 16 Sep 2021 21:24:13 +0000 https://ramiroledesma.com/the-death-of-abimael-guzman-leaves-several-questions-in-peru/ Sep 18, 2021 FOR A DOZEN years from 1980, a malicious and invisible presence haunted Peru, becoming more and more threatening. Abimael Guzmán, a Marxist philosopher who created an obscure terrorist army called Sendero Luminoso (Shining Path), ordered massacres, murders, car bombs and the destruction of police stations. Yet he never appeared in public. His […]]]>

FOR A DOZEN years from 1980, a malicious and invisible presence haunted Peru, becoming more and more threatening. Abimael Guzmán, a Marxist philosopher who created an obscure terrorist army called Sendero Luminoso (Shining Path), ordered massacres, murders, car bombs and the destruction of police stations. Yet he never appeared in public. His capture in 1992, thanks to some old-fashioned detective work, meant he spent the rest of his life in a maximum security prison. At the time of his death on September 11, at the age of 86, many Peruvians had few memories of him. His death leaves several questions unanswered.

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Sendero was unlike any other guerrilla movement in Latin America. Mr. Guzmán drew inspiration from Maoist China, which he visited twice during the Cultural Revolution, rather than Cuba. He founded Sendero as a shard of the Peruvian Communist Party in Ayacucho, the capital of a poor Andean region where he taught at university. He recruited his students, mostly women; many have become teachers who, upon graduation, are deployed in schools in towns and villages. As Peru returned to democracy, it launched its Maoist “protracted people’s war to encircle the rural towns”. To avoid relying on outsiders, Sendero’s weapons were machetes, stones, and dynamite, until they stole weapons from the security forces.

Mr. Guzmán, too, was unique. His moral dissonance makes him one of the last monsters of the twentieth century. He lived in an absolutist ideological bubble, sheltered from reality, including the cruelty and suffering he commanded. Sendero killed some 38,000 people, according to an investigation by a Truth and Reconciliation Commission. Yet Mr. Guzmán was also indirectly responsible for more than 30,000 murders committed by the armed forces and self-defense militias. The majority of the victims were Quechua-speaking villagers in the Andes – those on whose behalf his war was supposed to be waged.

He erected around him a cult of the absurd personality: he called himself President Gonzalo, the “fourth sword of Marxism”. Sendero’s ideology has become “Marxism-Leninism-Maoism-Gonzalo Thought”. When operations went wrong, officials were subjected to long and humiliating sessions of self-criticism at party meetings. He told his supporters that their deaths were glorious, playing on Andean millenarianism.

His techniques foreshadowed those of jihadist terrorism. But Mr. Guzmán himself did not run any physical risk. He was not Che Guevara. Throughout the war he lived in safe houses in the more upscale neighborhoods of Lima. When the police broke in, he offered no resistance. He immediately called on his supporters to give up, turning Sendero into a non-violent political movement (called Movadef) whose goal was to campaign for his release.

This psychotic narcissism went hand in hand with extraordinary powers of persuasion. Psychiatrists could point to a complicated childhood to explain what made a theorist an indirect mass killer. Mr. Guzmán was the illegitimate son of an estate administrator and a poor mother who later abandoned him. Thanks to his mother-in-law, he acquired a university education – and an uncertain place in the social order.

In explaining Sendero’s bloody call, sociologists have noted Peru’s weaknesses. Many in the Andes hated abusive officials and police, and initially welcomed the Maoists until their totalitarian demands to restrict crops and recruit children sparked a rebellion. A fragile state, plagued by the debt crisis of the 1980s and hyperinflation, has failed in its response. The brutalized armed forces took far too long to realize that the peasants were allies and not enemies. Some Peruvians of high society, plagued by the guilt of the inequalities of their country, sympathized with Sendero.

“There is in Peruvian society a powerful capacity for hatred and destruction,” Alberto Flores Galindo, a historian, told Bello in Lima in 1989. Three decades later, this capacity was revealed in a bitterly polarized election and the victory, by a narrow margin, of Pedro Castillo, a leftist, a result that Sendero has long made unthinkable. The new president is a rural teacher, like many of Mr. Guzmán’s recruits, and has several allies linked to either Sendero or Movadef. Mr. Guzmán has taken the conviction of many Communists to the extreme that the end justifies the means. That such fanaticism still resonates in Peru should arouse self-criticism from those in power who are hesitant about the history of terror.

This article appeared in the Americas section of the print edition under the title “The Hidden Monster in the Suburbs”


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Baylor University to Celebrate Women Who Break Boundaries | Media and public relations https://ramiroledesma.com/baylor-university-to-celebrate-women-who-break-boundaries-media-and-public-relations/ https://ramiroledesma.com/baylor-university-to-celebrate-women-who-break-boundaries-media-and-public-relations/#respond Tue, 14 Sep 2021 19:12:46 +0000 https://ramiroledesma.com/baylor-university-to-celebrate-women-who-break-boundaries-media-and-public-relations/ Baylor University’s Women and Gender Studies program will host the Breaking Boundaries Women’s Group from 3:30 p.m. to 4:30 p.m. Thursday on the fifth floor of the Cashion Academic Center. Media Contact: Eric Eckert, Baylor University Public and Media Relations, 254-710-1964Follow us on twitter: @BaylorUMedia WACO, Texas (September 14, 2021) – Baylor University’s Women and […]]]>

Baylor University’s Women and Gender Studies program will host the Breaking Boundaries Women’s Group from 3:30 p.m. to 4:30 p.m. Thursday on the fifth floor of the Cashion Academic Center.

Media Contact: Eric Eckert, Baylor University Public and Media Relations, 254-710-1964
Follow us on twitter: @BaylorUMedia

WACO, Texas (September 14, 2021) – Baylor University’s Women and Gender Studies Program will host the Boundary Breaking Women’s Panel from 3:30 p.m. to 4:30 p.m. Thursday on the fifth floor of the Cashion Academic Center. Baylor students, faculty and staff are invited.

The panel, comprised of 10 Baylor faculty members, will highlight and discuss 10 women and how their efforts to break boundaries have redefined femininity, said Theresa Kennedy, Ph.D., professor of French and director of the studies program on women and gender.

The biography and impact of each Boundary Breaking Woman will be presented by a Baylor faculty member. The list of boundary breakers and their presenters includes:

Rachel Carson, biologist, environmentalist and author (1904-1964)

Provost Nancy Brickhouse, Ph.D.

Sui Sin Away, American short story writer of Asian origin (1865-1914)

Nicole Kenley, Ph.D., English

Vivian malone jones, civil rights activist (1942-2005)

Laurie Burney, Ph.D., Accounting

Hildegard of Bingen, German abbess, poet, composer, diplomat and healer (1098-1179)

Laurel Zeiss, Ph.D., History of Music

Martha coston, American businesswoman and inventor (1826-1904)

Anne Spence, Ph.D., Mechanical Engineering

Sor Juana Inés de la Cruz, Latin American writer, philosopher, composer and poet (1648-1695)

Parc Moisés, Ph.D., Spanish

Alice Augusta Ball, American chemist and professor (1892-1916)

Bessie Kebaara, Ph.D., Biology

Addie davis, South American Baptist pastor (1917-2005)

Betsy Flowers, Ph.D., Religion

Chimamanda Ngozi Adiche, award-winning Nigerian bestselling author (1977–)

Justina Ogodo, Ph.D., Curriculum and Teaching, School of Education

Marie Curie, Polish physicist and chemist and naturalized French (1867-1934)

Vanessa Castleberry, Ph.D., Chemistry and Biochemistry

The Boundary Breaking Women’s Panel began in 2014, when the United States Treasury Department announced its intention to place a woman on the U.S. currency. Kimberly Kellison, Ph.D., associate professor of history and associate dean of the College of Arts and Sciences, participated that year in a Treasury roundtable that brought together women leaders in various fields to provide feedback on the announcement. Upon her return to Baylor, Kellison created the first Boundary Breaking Women’s Panel with Professors to discuss which women should be on the coin.

ABOUT BAYLOR UNIVERSITY

Baylor University is a private Christian university and nationally classified research institution. The University provides a vibrant campus community to over 19,000 students by blending interdisciplinary research with an international reputation for educational excellence and faculty commitment to teaching and scholarship. Accredited in 1845 by the Republic of Texas through the efforts of Baptist pioneers, Baylor is the oldest operating university in Texas. Located in Waco, Baylor welcomes students from all 50 states and over 90 countries to study a wide range of degrees among its 12 nationally recognized academic divisions.



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Monument pays homage to brothers who loved Korea during colonial times https://ramiroledesma.com/monument-pays-homage-to-brothers-who-loved-korea-during-colonial-times/ https://ramiroledesma.com/monument-pays-homage-to-brothers-who-loved-korea-during-colonial-times/#respond Fri, 10 Sep 2021 22:00:00 +0000 https://ramiroledesma.com/monument-pays-homage-to-brothers-who-loved-korea-during-colonial-times/ KAWAGUCHI, Saitama Prefecture – A Korean ethnic art collector has dedicated a monument here to the memory of the Japanese brothers who fell in love with Korean culture during the colonial rule of the Korean Peninsula. Ha Jung-woong discovered Noritaka and Takumi Asakawa when he was a high school student and studied their way of […]]]>

KAWAGUCHI, Saitama Prefecture – A Korean ethnic art collector has dedicated a monument here to the memory of the Japanese brothers who fell in love with Korean culture during the colonial rule of the Korean Peninsula.

Ha Jung-woong discovered Noritaka and Takumi Asakawa when he was a high school student and studied their way of life with the residents of Yamanashi Prefecture, where the brothers were born, for more than two decades.

“The brothers have lived precious lives as humans,” said the 81-year-old businessman. “I learned a lot from their way of life.”

Noritaka researched the history of Korean porcelain in the Korean Peninsula, the colony of Japan between 1910 and 1945. He investigated some 700 kiln remains, in part with the help of Ji Sun-tak , who later became a master potter in South Korea.

Takumi, her younger brother, studied Korean crafts. It helped to increase the greenery in the fields and the mountains, winning the admiration of the locals. In his diary, Takumi criticized the Japanese for discriminating against Koreans.

The monument dedicated by Ha Jung-woong is engraved with the faces of Noritaka Asakawa on the right and her younger brother Takumi on the left. (June Sato)

The monument, engraved with the faces of the brothers, stands in front of the Asakawa Noritaka Takumi Kyodai Shiryokan Museum in Hokuto, Yamanashi Prefecture.

Built with stones from both countries, the memorial is 1.6 meters high, 1.1 meters wide and 76 centimeters deep.

Ha said he has finally realized his long-held dream of dedicating a decent monument to the memory of the brothers.

“I won’t be alive in ten years,” he said. “I think now is the time to do what I’ve always wanted to do.”

He added, “It has nothing to do with being Korean, Japanese or Korean.”

According to museum officials, Noritaka was born into a farming family in present-day Hokuto in 1884, while Takumi was born in 1891.

After working as a teacher, Noritaka went to the Korean Peninsula in 1913, followed by Takumi the following year.

Noritaka returned to Japan after World War II and died in 1964. Takumi, who died of illness in 1931, was buried in Seoul.

Ha was a high school student when he read a passage that philosopher Yoshishige Abe wrote in tribute to Takumi. He was inspired by the younger brother to live a righteous and free life in a dignified manner.

About 25 years ago, Ha discovered a book about Takumi through an acquaintance and gained detailed knowledge of the brothers’ achievements and their birthplace.

When the museum opened in 2001, Ha donated around 80 works of art from his collection, including Ji’s exquisite celadon and white porcelain works.

“The museum is filled with the feelings of Ha,” said museum director Yoshihiko Hinata, who has had a long conversation with him. “He wants the facility to be a beachhead for disseminating information to promote friendship between Japan and South Korea.”

Hinata, 67, is the general manager of a group of citizens formed to study the way of life of the brothers.

The museum attracts several thousand visitors a year. It houses Takumi’s diary, which was donated by a South Korean man who had received it from Noritaka.

This year marks the 130th anniversary of Takumi’s birth and the 90th anniversary of his death.

The city of Hokuto plans to host an unveiling ceremony for the monument in November. The event, originally scheduled for June, has been postponed due to the novel coronavirus pandemic.

City officials will also publish a manga comic book to educate young people about the life of the brothers in November.


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A new Berggruen Institute outpost has opened in one of Venice’s most historic palaces https://ramiroledesma.com/a-new-berggruen-institute-outpost-has-opened-in-one-of-venices-most-historic-palaces/ https://ramiroledesma.com/a-new-berggruen-institute-outpost-has-opened-in-one-of-venices-most-historic-palaces/#respond Tue, 07 Sep 2021 21:26:15 +0000 https://ramiroledesma.com/a-new-berggruen-institute-outpost-has-opened-in-one-of-venices-most-historic-palaces/ that of Los Angeles Berggruen Institute, founded by Parisian billionaire Nicolas Berggruen, art collector, today inaugurated its new European headquarters in Venice Casa dei Tre Oci, a neo-Gothic palace on the island of Giudecca. As part of the festivities, he announced that philosopher Peter Singer is the 2021 recipient of the annual $ 1 million […]]]>

that of Los Angeles Berggruen Institute, founded by Parisian billionaire Nicolas Berggruen, art collector, today inaugurated its new European headquarters in Venice Casa dei Tre Oci, a neo-Gothic palace on the island of Giudecca.

As part of the festivities, he announced that philosopher Peter Singer is the 2021 recipient of the annual $ 1 million Berggruen Prize for Philosophy and Culture.

The singer will receive his award, which recognizes visionaries whose thought advances human understanding, at a ceremony next spring in Los Angeles.

“I am delighted that my work has been recognized by the jury that awards the Berggruen Prize for Philosophy and Culture, and I thank Nicolas Berggruen for his commitment to honor those who work in philosophy and the field of ideas,” said Singer in a press release. declaration, adding that he planned to donate half of the funds to The life you can save, a charity he founded “to spread the idea of ​​giving to the most effective charities for the benefit of the poorest people in the world.”

President of the Berggruen Institute Nicolas Berggruen. Photo by Jason Carter Rinaldi / Getty Images for the Berggruen Institute.

The new building of the institute previously belonged to the Fondazione di Venezia, which has hosted exhibitions of photographs by David LaChapelle, Helmut Newton and Lewis Hine.

“We see Venice as a gateway for those seeking answers to the most pressing questions and challenges of our time, and the Casa dei Tre Oci as the hub of the institute’s work to develop ideas for building a world better, ”said Berggruen, president of the institute, said in a declaration.

Built as a private house and workshop by the artist Mario De Maria in 1913, the Casa dei Tre Oci was recognized by the Directorate of Cultural Heritage of the region as a property of historical and artistic interest in 2007.

The Berggruen Institute, which is celebrating its 10th anniversary this year, plans to use the space to host international programming in the visual arts and architecture, including summits, workshops, symposia and exhibitions. The organization has agreed to continue the space photography program for the next two years.

Pierre Singer.  Photo by Derek Goodwin, courtesy of the Berggruen Institute.

Pierre Singer. Photo by Derek Goodwin, courtesy of the Berggruen Institute.

“As Casa dei Tre Oci continues to be the place for constructive discussions on contemporary issues, we look forward to the prospects of its future cooperation with other institutions in Venice, placing it at the center of the city’s cultural life” , Michele Bugliesi, president of the Fondazione di Venezia, said.

The institute is also building a new flagship in Los Angeles, near the Getty Center in the Santa Monica Mountains, designed by Swiss architectural firm Herzog et de Meuron.

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Platform 9 3/4 Trolley on tour in UK for its 20th anniversary https://ramiroledesma.com/platform-9-3-4-trolley-on-tour-in-uk-for-its-20th-anniversary/ https://ramiroledesma.com/platform-9-3-4-trolley-on-tour-in-uk-for-its-20th-anniversary/#respond Fri, 03 Sep 2021 20:08:28 +0000 https://ramiroledesma.com/platform-9-3-4-trolley-on-tour-in-uk-for-its-20th-anniversary/ It’s hard to believe that Harry Potter and his Hogwarts friends boarded the train from Platform 9 3/4 20 years ago. The UK celebrates with a little more flair. The Platform 9 3/4 Cart at Kings Cross Station tours the UK for witches, wizards and even Muggles. Prince Charles, Prince of Wales and Camilla, Duchess […]]]>

It’s hard to believe that Harry Potter and his Hogwarts friends boarded the train from Platform 9 3/4 20 years ago. The UK celebrates with a little more flair. The Platform 9 3/4 Cart at Kings Cross Station tours the UK for witches, wizards and even Muggles.

Prince Charles, Prince of Wales and Camilla, Duchess of Cornwall | Chris Jackson / Getty Images

Origins of the Platform 9 3/4 in Harry potter

Fans of Harry potter know the famous portal between platforms 9 and 10 at Kings Cross station in London.


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Harvard jumped the shark with an atheist “chaplain” https://ramiroledesma.com/harvard-jumped-the-shark-with-an-atheist-chaplain/ https://ramiroledesma.com/harvard-jumped-the-shark-with-an-atheist-chaplain/#respond Tue, 31 Aug 2021 21:33:00 +0000 https://ramiroledesma.com/harvard-jumped-the-shark-with-an-atheist-chaplain/ It has just been said that Harvard University has elected its very first atheist chaplain. Yes, you read that right: Greg Epstein, who identifies as a “humanist rabbi,” has been chosen as chaplains chaplain for the religious community at Chic Ivy. Talk about jumping the shark. Epstein, who ministered to unbelievers and non-religious scholars at […]]]>

It has just been said that Harvard University has elected its very first atheist chaplain. Yes, you read that right: Greg Epstein, who identifies as a “humanist rabbi,” has been chosen as chaplains chaplain for the religious community at Chic Ivy.

Talk about jumping the shark.

Epstein, who ministered to unbelievers and non-religious scholars at Harvard, has been described as a “staunch atheist.” Yet he will coordinate the efforts of all the chaplains at one of America’s leading universities.

He told the New York Times, “There is a growing group of people who no longer identify with any religious tradition but still feel a real need for conversation and support about what it means to be a good human and to live an ethical life. The various chaplains of Harvard, a professional community representing many of the world’s religious traditions, unanimously elected Epstein to represent them.

Listen, as a Catholic bishop, I’m not denying that a lot of young people are drifting into disbelief and religious disaffiliation; one in five Americans now describes themselves as “spiritual but not religious,” and that group is rather young, educated and liberal, pollsters say.

Churches should, of course, reach out to this demographic, including sponsoring conversation sessions, philosophical debate societies, or pizza and beer forums where students discuss ethical and spiritual issues. And if Harvard wanted to appoint an unbeliever to oversee these confabs, the school would get no argument from me.

What Is disturbs me is the utter and abject surrender on the part of the alleged religious leaders at Harvard who chose this man. If a professed atheist counts as a chaplain – that is, a head of a religious service in a chapel – then obviously “religion” has come to mean nothing at all.

It has been a long time coming. The elite’s distortion of religion to the level of friendly discussion about improving one’s moral life and inner feelings can be attributed to two German philosophers writing in the late 18th and early 19th centuries.

Immanuel Kant was of the opinion that authentic religion ultimately had nothing to do with doctrines, dogmas, prayer and the liturgy. Rather, faith was all about the cultivation of morality. The popular version of Kant’s teaching is on display today whenever someone says, “You know what we believe ultimately doesn’t matter, as long as we’re nice people.

Kant’s young contemporary, Friedrich Schleiermacher, argued that religion, at heart, is not a set of doctrines, but rather a feeling of absolute dependence, or as he sometimes puts it, “a sense and a taste for infinite “. The great philosopher GWF Hegel scoffed at this sentimentalization of religion, noting: “If Schleiermacher is right, then my dog ​​is the perfect Christian!

My point is that the relativization of doctrine has led, in steady stages over two centuries, to the situation at Harvard today: even the most basic of doctrines – belief in God – doesn’t matter. One can still, of course, be perfectly “religious” without it.

But it’s so absurd. As a Catholic clergyman, I believe in an omnipotent, omniscient and loving God who brought the entire universe into being out of nothing and who now sustains and draws it to himself. This God chose the people of Israel, whom he endowed with the divine law, the covenant, the prophecy and the temple. In the fullness of time he was embodied in a first century Jew called Jesus of Nazareth, who died on a Roman cross, rose from the dead and now calls on everyone to submit to his lordship.

Say what you want about it all. Affirm it, deny it, argue it. Tell me I’m crazy to believe it. But by God, it’s a religion. Of course, different religions make different doctrinal claims, but at the very least, they affirm the existence of God. (I know, I know, some branches of Buddhism may be the exception here, but it’s the exception that proves the rule.)

I’m sure Epstein is a nice guy. I have nothing against him. But I want to urge his presumably religious colleagues at Harvard who elected him: show some self-esteem. Being a chaplain has something to do with worshiping God – and you shouldn’t be ashamed to say it.

Robert Barron is the Auxiliary Bishop of Los Angeles.

Twitter: @BishopBarron


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Female octopuses throw things at itchy males, and look, we totally got it https://ramiroledesma.com/female-octopuses-throw-things-at-itchy-males-and-look-we-totally-got-it/ https://ramiroledesma.com/female-octopuses-throw-things-at-itchy-males-and-look-we-totally-got-it/#respond Tue, 31 Aug 2021 07:31:21 +0000 https://ramiroledesma.com/female-octopuses-throw-things-at-itchy-males-and-look-we-totally-got-it/ When it comes to getting rid of an annoying parasite, sometimes subtlety isn’t enough. Sometimes it is enough to throw anything or everything at hand, bombarding the offender with shells and debris until he rushes to his hole. OK, this approach is probably not great for humans. But for octopuses, it seems to work like […]]]>

When it comes to getting rid of an annoying parasite, sometimes subtlety isn’t enough. Sometimes it is enough to throw anything or everything at hand, bombarding the offender with shells and debris until he rushes to his hole.

OK, this approach is probably not great for humans. But for octopuses, it seems to work like a treat, according to new research.

In a site off the east coast of Australia, where such a large number of Sydney octopuses (Octopus tetricus) gather that scientists have dubbed the Octopolis region, scientists first observed octopuses throwing objects at each other in a heated argy-bargy scene in 2015.

Debris thrown by octopuses in the wild. (Godfrey-Smith et al., BioRxiv, 2021)

Now, they’ve determined that the flingers are mostly women – and they’re probably trying, at least in some cases, to keep men who are too in love away.

“Throwing of material by wild octopus is common, at least at the site described here. These throws are performed by picking up material and holding it in the arms, then expelling it under pressure,” researchers write in their pre-printed paper.

“The force is not transmitted by the arms, as in a human throw, but the arms organize the projection of matter by the throw … The throw in general is more often seen by women, and we have not seen only one hit (a marginal hit) of a throw by a male. Octopuses that were hit included other females in nearby dens and males that attempted to mate with a female thrower. “

A lot of animals throw debris at others, and there are many reasons to do so. It may be a threat or defensive behavior, or it may have to do with trapping prey. Most animals seen doing this, however, throw objects at other species, not theirs.

So, to find out why octopuses would like to throw shells, silt and algae at each other, a team of researchers led by science philosopher Peter Godfrey-Smith of the University of Sydney set out to observe the jet in action.

Using non-invasive GoPro cameras left behind, they recorded more than 100 cases of Octopolis residents throwing debris willy-nilly. The octopuses held equipment in their arms, then used their siphon to blow a jet of water that would blow the material up to several body lengths.

As they analyzed their recordings, the researchers noticed that there appeared to be two main types of throwing. The first was about housekeeping and keeping their cozy dens free from unwanted debris and food waste.

The second seemed a little more focused. Octopuses, determined to be (mostly) females, have been observed throwing gear at other octopuses during targeted attacks. Overall, shells were the most frequently fired object, at 55 instances recorded.

For 33% of those targeted throws, the thrown object actually hit the intended target, with silt being the best material for this task. The targets were either other nearby females or males attempting to mate.

In one notable case, recorded in 2016, a female octopus threw material at a male 10 times over a period of 3 hours and 40 minutes, hitting him five times. Interestingly, the octopuses that were hit by such ejecta did not attempt to retaliate, but sometimes attempted to duck down (although not always successfully).

Another, perhaps a little more controversial, explanation for this behavior could be that throws aren’t always necessarily targeted, but could be a form of temper tantrum due to frustration.

After several dramatic interactions, the researchers observed that one octopus was throwing objects in a way that did not appear to be directed at the other octopus. Given the difficulty of ascribing intention to animals, especially those that are as alien as octopuses, it is impossible to definitively conclude that this is the case.

Either way, it seems that the throw seems to be playing some sort of social role.

“Octopuses can thus definitely be added to the shortlist of animals that regularly throw or propel objects, and provisionally added to the shorter list of those who direct their jets at other animals,” the researchers write.

“If indeed targeted, these throws are directed at individuals of the same population in social interactions – the less common form of non-human throwing.”

The document is available on the pre-print website bioRxiv.


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From university to faculty concerned about the Covid: “begging” https://ramiroledesma.com/from-university-to-faculty-concerned-about-the-covid-begging/ https://ramiroledesma.com/from-university-to-faculty-concerned-about-the-covid-begging/#respond Fri, 27 Aug 2021 22:19:51 +0000 https://ramiroledesma.com/from-university-to-faculty-concerned-about-the-covid-begging/ “We are discouraged from” sharing Covid data that is unrelated to the course. Presumably, gossiping about overcrowded state hospitals, exhausted doctors and the growing number of deaths could be ‘pressure’ and professors’ should not pressure students to get vaccinated or wear a mask. “All we can do is” encourage. “In practice, these guidelines let professors […]]]>

“We are discouraged from” sharing Covid data that is unrelated to the course. Presumably, gossiping about overcrowded state hospitals, exhausted doctors and the growing number of deaths could be ‘pressure’ and professors’ should not pressure students to get vaccinated or wear a mask. “All we can do is” encourage. “In practice, these guidelines let professors offer details of their personal lives to crowds of unmasked students. We have become beggars and beggars. suppliant, hoping for mercy.

These are the words of Amy olberding, presidential professor of philosophy at the University of Oklahoma, writing in The Chronicle of Higher Education about University of OklahomaThe utter and utter failure to take even minimal precautions to protect its professors, staff and students from COVID-19.

She says:

This first week of the fall semester, my colleagues take the tour, meet their classes for the first time, and this year tell stories about their own lives. A teacher talks about her baby, too young to be vaccinated. Another mentions an immunocompromised spouse at home. Yet another speaks of a brother who recently died from Covid. While each tale has its own rhythm and tone, they tend to end in the same way: professors nervously offer masks to their bare-faced students, who mostly refuse to take them. Some look sheepishly away, some look placidly, some chuckle. Then the course as we knew it must begin, with introductory tours through the syllabuses, requirements and objectives of the course …

At the University of Oklahoma, located in a “high risk condition“:

  • Students are not required to wear masks in classrooms or other indoor spaces
  • There is no sign encouraging students to wear masks
  • Teachers are prohibited from making students wear masks
  • Teachers are officially discouraged from structuring group work in class to determine who wears masks or not
  • Students do not have to be vaccinated
  • Students are not required to notify their professors when they contract COVID-19
  • Free COVID-19 tests on campus have been removed
  • There are apparently no student ‘surveillance tests’ for COVID-19
  • “The University organizes public events where unmasked administrators lead hundreds of unmasked freshmen to shout the school’s spiritual songs ”

University of Oklahoma President Joseph Harroz, Jr. refuses to do the bare minimum for public health when it comes to COVID-19

Professor Olberding writes:

Our stories do not result in completely masked classes. In a small classroom filled with 40 or 50 students, only a handful will wear a mask. Classes grouped in the hundreds may have less than half hidden. Some professors are posting online about their success in getting students to wear masks. I have read these articles carefully because I want to know if there is any magic key, attraction, or particular strategy that could work reliably. I’m a moral philosopher by trade, so I’m also natively interested in how to morally motivate people to do what they’d rather not do. So far, I haven’t discovered any secrets …

We offer our vulnerable loved ones, our bereavements, or our own medical history as sacrifices before fickle gods – gods who, it turns out, are mostly teenagers invested with divine powers by our administration. We beg the teens to think about our babies, to feel our deaths, and not to kill us. Some of them oblige. Some don’t – an alarming number don’t. The university’s response so far amounts to: Better Begging.

You can read the whole essay here.


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